Russia's defence ministry on Tuesday posted images it said proved the USA was aiding the Islamic State in the Middle East, but social media users pointed out they included a still from a videogame.
Nearly immediately after the ministry published the video game footage, Twitter and Telegram users provided their own video game screenshots claiming to provide "irrefutable evidence" to back up the Russian ministry's claims.
This is not the first time that Russian Federation has been linked to fabricating "evidence" on social media.
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However, AFP was able to compare the images in an emailed defence ministry statement with the images of the videogame on YouTube and confirm the resemblance.
In 2015, pro-Russian separatists in Ukraine produced video that suggested the Ukraine government was being supplied with Stinger air defence missiles by the US.
Adrian Rankine-Galloway, a U.S. marines major and a military spokesman, told Middle East Eye that the latest Russian claims represented "just one more episode of a recurrent pattern of defamation, distortion, distraction that seeks to discredit the United States and our successful coalition fight against ISIS in Syria". The Russian Defense Ministry has described the United States' refusal to carry out strikes against convoys of the Islamic State (IS, terror group, outlawed in Russia) on November 9 as a fact recorded in the transcripts of the talks and furnished authentic photos of a militant convoy heading for the Syrian-Iraqi border.