Antonio Conte's side, who could be pitted against heavyweights including Barcelona and PSG in next week's last 16 draw.
Celtic claimed a Europa League berth by finishing third but did so in a disappointing fashion as they lost 1-0 at home to Anderlecht. Midfielder Saul gave Atletico the lead, only for a late own goal from defender Stefan Savic to level the scores.
However, in Rome, Roma got the job done as they recorded a lone goal win over Qarabag.
And when asked whether Atletico's early Champions League exit following a 1-1 draw with Chelsea would further grease the wheels for an imminent exit, Simeone was quick to play down any talk of a move away for the 26-year-old. Diego Simeone's team will drop down into the Europa League knockout stages. Here are who they could face in the last 16.
Barcelona topped Group D after a hard-fought 2-0 victory over Sporting Lisbon with Paco Alcacer's 59th-minute header and a stoppage-time own goal from Jeremy Mathieu seeing them through.
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Last season's beaten finalists Juventus clinched a spot in the knockout round after beating Olympiakos 2-0 in Greece, Juan Cuadrado and Federico Bernardeschi on target for the Serie A champions.
The Reds are due to face Spartak Moscow at Anfield Road tonight and a win will allow Jorgen Klopp's side to qualify as group winners.
First legs will take place on February 13/14 and 20/21, with the second legs coming on March 6/7 and 13/14. Even a defeat for Spurs and a Real Madrid win would not see the Spaniards win the group, as Tottenham have the edge in the head-to-head.
Who can the Premier League clubs play in the Champions League Round of 16?