"In the absence of such an agreement, the United States will not again waive sanctions in order to stay in the Iran nuclear deal".
Moscow considers comments by U.S. President Donald Trump on the nuclear deal with Iran as "extremely negative", Russian Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov said in remarks carried by RIA state news agency on Saturday.
Trump also slapped new sanctions on 14 individuals and entities that commit human rights abuses or support the country's ballistic missile programs, which are outside the scope of the nuclear deal.
"This is a last chance", Trump warned in a statement that outlined several tough new rules on Iran.
Trump has constantly criticised the pact inked between the six world powers, namely China, Russia, Britain, France, the United States and Germany, and Iran in 2015, in which the West promised to relieve sanctions on Tehran in exchange for a halt in Iran's efforts to develop a nuclear weapon.
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In reply, Zarif took to Twitter on Friday to condemn Trump's reluctant announcement on the nuclear sanctions waiver, saying, "Trump's policy & today's announcement amount to desperate attempts to undermine a solid multilateral agreement, maliciously violating its paras 26, 28 & 29". "Rather than repeating exhausted rhetoric, United States must bring itself into full compliance - just like Iran".
"So Trump now has issued explicit May deadline to Congress and Europeans: Fix Iran nuke deal or no more sanctions waivers", wrote Mark Dubowitz, head of the Foundation for Defence of Democracies. The next sanctions waivers are due in May. Iran must allow "immediate inspections at all sites requested by global inspectors", he said, and "sunset" provisions imposing limits on Iran's nuclear programme must not expire. Trump wants them to help the US devise a new agreement created to prevent Iran from escalating nuclear activity again next decade, as permitted under the 2015 arrangement reached by President Barack Obama.
A new round of USA sanctions expected against Moscow is an attempt to influence Russia's domestic affairs ahead of a presidential election, Deputy Foreign Minister Sergei Ryabkov was quoted as saying on Saturday (Jan 13). Brokered and signed by the US, UK, Russia, France, China, and Germany, the JCPOA places limitations on Iran's nuclear energy program in return for the lifting of economic sanctions on Tehran. These penalties largely cut Iran out of the global financial system, until they were suspended by Obama under the nuclear deal.
The 2015 deal, known as the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action, was signed by the USA under the previous administration of president Barack Obama as well as Iran, China, Russia, Britain, France and Germany. "It also will not allow the JCPOA to be linked to any other issue", it said.