May had been expected to shake up her cabinet by appointing more women and ethnic minorities, but the blunders raised the ire of MPs as any hopes of positive headlines from her first major reshuffle evaporated.
May finally completed her reshuffle Tuesday night, moving eight existing members of her government team to new posts.
Ms Greening campaigned to remain in the European Union and her Wandsworth constituency voted overwhelmingly to remain in Europe. But what is most notable about this one, and beyond the above, what is causing dismay on the Tory benches is Theresa May's inability to make all the cabinet moves that she wanted to. In both instances May seemed to dissipate any political goodwill she recouped.
David Lidington was also moved from Justice Secretary to become the new Minister of State for the Cabinet office - replaced by David Gauke, previously Secretary of State for Work and Pensions.
"She can't have the government she would choose and has to select from a small group of people", said Matt Beech, director of the Centre for British Politics at the University of Hull. Lacking a parliamentary majority, May must often rely on 10 lawmakers from the ultraconservative Democratic Unionist Party of Northern Ireland to push legislation through.
Instead, former justice secretary David Lidington has been made Cabinet Office minister and will effectively fill Mr Green's shoes, standing in for Mrs May at PMQs. The idea had been to inject momentum in her domestic policies and show she was not just "Madam Brexit", but a leader with a shot at re-election in 2022.
There was confusion early on over the role of Conservative party chairman, as the official Conservatives' account tweeted that Chris Grayling had been appointed - before the tweet was deleted. Hours late it was revealed that Grayling, rumored for the chop, was keeping his exact same job.
Brandon Lewis was made the new Conservative Party chairman replacing Sir Patrick McLoughlin
Boris Johnson will continue as foreign secretary despite a number of gaffes and his widely-criticised handling of the Nazanin Zaghari-Ratcliffe case, while Brexit Secretary David Davis, Chancellor Philip Hammond, and Home Secretary Amber Rudd are all set to hang on to their jobs. The Northern Ireland secretary, James Brokenshire, has resigned because he needs surgery for a lesion on his right lung.
Matthew Hancock replaces Karen Bradley as Culture Secretary.
Making sure the scales didn't tip in favor of either side of Brexit was a handicap.
It was later confirmed that Brandon Lewis, formerly immigration minister, was the new party chairman.
Justine was a cabinet minister who was passionate about her brief, and truly believed in the importance of apprentices to the economy, and for the social mobility of young people through the acquisition of a skilled trade.
Esther McVey becomes Work and Pensions Secretary.
Greg Clark also retained his position as Business Secretary amid speculation he could be sacked, and Downing Street announced Claire Perry would also attend Cabinet as minister of state at the business department.
These triggered the resignation of education secretary Justine Greening and were branded a "lacklustre PR exercise" by Labour.
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