Countering China's rapidly expanding military and an increasingly aggressive Russian Federation are now the U.S. military's top national security priorities, outpacing the threat of terrorism, Defense Secretary Jim Mattis said Friday.
He spoke after US Defense Secretary Jim Mattis released in Washington the national defense strategy that identifies competition between big powers as a priority rather that fighting terrorism.
According to statements made earlier this week by the famed general turned Defense Secretary, the first place this shutdown will directly affect USA operations is in the intelligence community and perhaps just as worrying, in maintenance.
The strategy, however, faces grim budget hurdles. United States defense officials say these countries are destabilizing their respective regions.
The document also listed North Korea among the Pentagon's priorities, citing the need to focus USA missile defenses against the threat from Pyongyang, which beyond its nuclear weapons has also amassed an arsenal of biological, chemical, and conventional arms.
"China is a strategic competitor using predatory economics to intimidate its neighbors while militarizing features in the South China Sea", the NDS said. That disconnect between USA voters and the US national security apparatus may become an issue down the road.
Mr Trump has called the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation alliance "obsolete", but Mr Mattis said the USA would strengthen its traditional alliances while building new partnerships and listening more to other nations' ideas. "The growing economic strength of today's democracies and partners dictates they must now step up and do more", he said.
The Pentagon is also working on a policy document on the country's nuclear arsenal.
Still, the statement said that experts predict the change will not have a significant impact on Pentagon practices, since the military services have embraced the challenges of global warming and climate change, such as the Air Force and Navy turning to biofuels, as a way to save money and address climate change.
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Plans to use United States nuclear weapons against other nations that did not have them went back at least 15 years to the George W. Bush administration, Giraldi recalled.
And he warns that all aspects of the military's competitive warfighting edge have eroded. The deadline for an agreement to avoid a shutdown is midnight Friday.
"As hard as the last 16 years of war have been, no enemy in the field has done more to harm the readiness of the usa military than the combined impact" of spending caps and short-term funding.
"It is regrettable that instead of having a normal dialogue, instead of using the basis of worldwide law, the United States is striving to prove their leadership through such confrontational strategies and concepts", Mr Lavrov said.
"We're open for dialogue, we're prepared to discuss military doctrines", he added.
China's U.S. embassy meanwhile criticised the strategy, saying Beijing sought "global partnership, not global dominance".
"Coalitions have been tried in Afghanistan, Iraq and Syria but they have not worked because there is no overall strategy to improve the situations in those places, to define victory and to know when it is time to exit", he said.
China, on the other hand, was described as economically and militarily ascendant.