Trump's initial travel ban, decreed a week after he took office, triggered chaos out at USA airports, with travelers detained upon arrival, and nationwide protests against a measure seen as discriminatory - though Trump said it aimed to keep out extremists.
Even if the high court agrees to take up the case, it is unlikely to rule until its next term, which starts in October and runs until June 2019. Unless the court steps in, the government continued, the district court's order could remain in effect for months while it appeals to the 9th Circuit; if the 9th Circuit were to leave the order in place, the government emphasized, "it could continue for more than a year given the Court's calendar". The Republican president has said the policy is needed to protect the United States from terrorism by Islamic militants. One of the issues raised in a letter, circulated at the January 12 meeting, says: "There have been instances where cases having far-reaching consequences for the nation and the institution had been assigned by the Chief Justices of this Court selectively to the Benches of their preference without any rational basis".
In November, he shared on Twitter anti-Muslim videos posted by a far-right British political figure. "We have always known this case would ultimately be decided by the United States Supreme Court. Now they're being used as bargaining chips in a high-stakes immigration policy debate in which their status should have no part", said Mark Rosenbaum, an attorney for the public interest law firm Public Counsel, which represents six DACA recipients in the case.
At times as the lawsuits against the Trump initiatives have unfolded in the lower courts, there have been temporary rulings that the presidential order would likely be found to be an unconstitutional "Muslim ban".
"The Supreme Court can and should put a definitive end to President Trump's attempt to undermine the constitutional guarantee of religious equality and the basic principles of our immigration laws, including their prohibition of national origin discrimination", ACLU lawyer Omar Jadwat said. BJP president Amit Shah and senior police officers, who were accused in the encounter case, were subsequently discharged.
Trump signed the latest ban on September 24 after what Francisco called an "extensive, worldwide review" to determine which foreign governments provide information required by the United States to vet those seeking entry.
DACA requests will be adjudicated under the guidelines set forth in the
Neal Katyal, the state's lead lawyer, argued in court papers that the President's proclamation is "without precedent in this Nation's history" and "purports to ban over 150 million aliens from this country based on nationality alone".
Opponents also contend Trump is violating the Constitution by discriminating against Muslims.
The US administration has rewritten the ban twice, adding more national security justifications in the latest iteration in September and including citizens of North Korea and Venezuela to counter the argument the government was singling out Muslim countries.
Although lower courts have ruled against Trump over this three travel bans, the Supreme Court has given him a friendlier reception.
There are some exceptions to the current ban. After the current ban was announced, courts in Seattle and Maryland ruled it was unlawful, prompting the administration to appeal.
The order came in response to an Administration appeal of a decision by lower courts that the President did not have the authority, under immigration law, to adopt a permanent restriction on entrance by individuals from Chad, Iran, Libya, Somalia, Syria and Yemen.
President Trump honors King's legacy in weekly address to nation
Lindsey Graham of SC , one of the six senators in the meeting with Trump on Thursday, supported Durbin's account. Finally, she announced that "I have nothing further to say on a meeting that happened over a week ago".