The two nations deny using chemical weapons in an attack on Douma in the suburbs of Damascus last Saturday, which triggered the US-led decision to carry out strikes on Friday night.
Russian news agencies reported that Russian President Vladimir Putin, in a phone call, told Iranian President Hassan Rouhani there would be chaos in worldwide relations if there are further Western strikes on Syria.
Associated Press reporters saw smoke rising above eastern Damascus and spotted fiery streaks of surface-to-air missiles.
After the vote, Russia's U.N. Ambassador Vassily Nebenzia said the meeting confirmed that the USA and its allies "continue to put global politics and diplomacy in the realm of myth-making - myths invented in London, Paris and Washington".
"Since 1990s we have seen in American movies that the Russian weaponry is "backward".
Before dawn on Saturday, a coalition of USA, United Kingdom and French forces launched more than 100 missiles targeting three chemical facilities in Syria in retaliation for an apparent chemical attack that killed dozens of civilians on April 7.
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From Moscow, President Vladimir Putin denounced the operation as "an act of aggression" but officials also noted that no Russian military assets had been threatened.
Since the airstrikes, Syrians in government-controlled Damascus have been defiant.
Syria's Deputy Foreign Minister Fayssal Mikdad said Monday his country was ready to facilitate the OPCW team in any way to carry out its mission, the state-run SANA news agency reported, while Kremlin spokesman Dmitry Peskov did not respond directly to CNN's question on whether Russian Federation had blocked the experts. The OPCW is set to meet in the Hague on Monday over the attack, although there have been no signs yet that the investigators have travelled to Douma to begin their fieldwork. The Western countries blame Assad for the Douma attack that killed dozens of people.
Instead, the strikes made a big show of punishing the Assad government over the attack on Douma that the U.S. and local aid groups said involved chemical weapons, and it did so on a shaky legal premise.
Russian foreign ministry official Vladimir Ermakov said Washington would want to maintain a dialogue with Moscow about strategic stability after the raids, Russian media reported. In the face of substantial evidence to the contrary, Russia's pushback on behalf of Syria and Assad is significant. But Syrian President Bashar Assad, whom the United Nations has linked to dozens of gas attacks, still maintains "residual" capabilities of creating and using chemical weapons, the Pentagon said.
The image below, released by the US Department of Defense, shows the damage up close.
The Him Shinshar Chemical Weapons Storage Facility in Syria on Saturday, April 14, 2018, following a US -led allied missile attack. It is still unclear how effective the strikes will be against Syria's regime. The Western trio swiftly reverted to diplomatic efforts, with leaders facing flak at home over the punitive attack.
We must remember the context of these attacks.