Utilizing huge PC reproductions of the universe, the new research has discovered that including tiresome vitality, up to a couple of hundred times the sum saw in our Universe, would really have a humble effect upon star and planet development. According to research, varying amounts of dark energy have little effect on star formation.
To understand more about this issue, the researchers made use of one of the most realistic computer simulations of the observable universe, known as EAGLE (Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments).
This opens up the prospect that life could be conceivable all through a more extensive scope of different universes, in the event that they exist, the specialists said.
Artistic impression of a Multiverse - where our Universe is only one of many. A postgraduate student from Durham University's Institute for Computational Cosmology said that in our universe the unexplained dark energy looks like an irritating puzzle.
Scientists have been persistently baffled as to why the "perfect amount" of dark matter exists in the universe which allows stars and planets to form.
We used to think of the universe as all that exists around us, but scientists are here to show us there's more than that. However, modern cosmology can not answer the question about the existence of life in other universes, since the studies conducted earlier suggested that a greater amount of energy will expand "nearby" worlds, which will not be planets, galaxies and stars.
Research by Durham University and several of its partner universities in Australia have concluded that a hypothetical "multiverse", in which our universe is one of many, could be far more hospitable to the development of life than was previously thought.
Should the search for alien life in our universe come up empty-handed, it might be worth checking in on a neighboring universe instead.
Across several experiments, an worldwide team of researchers from England, Australia and the Netherlands used a program called Evolution and Assembly of Galaxies and their Environmentsto simulate the birth, life and eventual death of various hypothetical universes. You can find the papers in the journal Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society, which were published on 14 May.
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The worldwide team of scientists made this discovery after creating a model of the universe using the tools of the EAGLE project (Evolution and Assembly of GaLaxies and their Environments) - one of the most realistic simulations of the observed universe, which encompasses models for around 10,000 galaxies over a distance of 300 million light-years.
"Our work shows that our ticket seems a little too lucky, so to speak".
"We asked ourselves how much dark energy can there be before life is impossible?" says Pascal Elahi, an author of the study.
"This is a problem for the Multiverse; a puzzle remains", he points out. That same energy could be causing its accelerating expansion, which is low.
But they also predict that if there were more dark energy than our now calculable low amount, the Universe would be expanding so fast that matter would dilute before it could form into stars, and planets, and galaxies. If dark energy enables a universe to host life, then the same could happen in the multiverse. "We have found in our simulations that universes with much more dark energy than ours can happily form stars".
In fact, the findings show we should be seeing more than 50 times the amount of dark energy we now see in the universe, and that the current, much lower levels suggest an, as yet, undiscovered law of nature is in play.
"We have found in our reproductions that universes with substantially more dim vitality than our own can joyfully frame stars".
"I think we should be looking for a new law of physics to explain this odd property, and the Multiverse theory does little to rescue physicists' discomfort".