She advised that consumers read food labels. For the record, Denmark had set an example for other nations by becoming the first to take an initiative of restricting the use of industrially manufactured trans-fats in food supply.
The intake of TFA results in more than 500,000 deaths from cardiovascular disease, annually.
The fats are generally considered by doctors to be bad for your heart, according to the Mayo Clinic.
In its latest guidelines on trans fats in food supply, the World Health Organization has advised governments, especially those in low and middle income countries, to eliminate these fats by 2023. They are often present in frying oils, fried snacks, margarine and shortening since trans fat-based oils have a longer shelf life (don't worry, Canada has almost phased them out entirely in those products). "But healthier alternatives can be used that would not affect taste or cost of food", The global health body said in the statement.
Endevelt said trans fats may still be found here in pastries and other baked goods in small bakeries or in popcorn.
He's right. Various studies have shown that both the bans in NY and Denmark noticeably reduced the rate of death from heart disease in just three years.
"Implementing the six strategic actions in the Replace package to achieve the elimination of trans-fat will be a global win in the fight against cardiovascular disease", he said.
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In 2015, the Food and Drug Administration said partially hydrogenated oil - the main source of industrially produced trans fats - was no longer "recognized as safe", as it contributes to plaque buildup in arteries.
Action is needed in low- and middle-income countries, where controls of use of industrially produced trans fats are often weaker, to ensure that the benefits are felt equally around the world, Ghebreyesus said.
But removing trans fat from processed foods won't completely eradicate the threat.
World Health Organization global ambassador for noncommunicable diseases Michael R. Bloomberg, a former three-term mayor of New York City who acted strongly against trans fats, said what he did "helped reduce the number of heart attacks without changing the taste or cost of food", just like his strong action against tobacco "allowed us to make more progress globally over the last decade than nearly anyone thought possible".
Trans-fatty acids can also occur naturally in meat and dairy products from ruminant animals (e.g. cattle, sheep, goats, etc). Nevertheless, the country has the opportunity to address its health and economics by supporting more locally produced oils. This is because they're used in partially-hydrogenated oils, which were first used as a butter replacement and then later as a replacement for foods containing saturated fatty acids.
It increases the risk of heart disease by 21 per cent and death by 28 per cent.