The U.S. asserts North Korea has violated the cap imposed on the country by United Nations sanctions resolutions through secretive transfer activities at sea, presumably involving Russian and Chinese tankers.
Pompeo stressed that "strict enforcement of sanctions is critical for our achieving this goal" and noted that "right now, North Korea is illegally smuggling petroleum products into the country at a level that far exceeds the quotas established by the United Nations". The U.S. shared photographic evidence and documents tracing the ships to China and Russian Federation with the U.N. Security Council's sanctions committee this month.
Despite the setbacks and some tension between the two countries, Pompeo told reporters he is hopeful and sees a "brighter future ahead" for North Korea.
U.S. Ambassador Nikki Haley accompanied the secretary.
While speaking with troops on a surprise visit to Afghanistan, Pompeo said, "Look, this is a decades-long challenge, getting the North Koreans to make a fundamental strategic decision, which is that the nuclear weapons that they possess today frankly present a threat to them and not security".
A cut-off of oil and fuel would have to be enforced primarily by China, which supplies most of North Korea's energy needs, but also by Russian Federation, which delivers some oil to Pyongyang.
Follow-up talks this month between Pompeo and North Korean senior officials in Pyongyang had a rocky start, with North Korea accusing the United States of making "unilateral and gangster-like" demands.
"These illegal ship-to-ship transfers are the most prominent means by which these transfers are happening", Pompeo said.
And more than a month later, no concrete progress has been reported.
The US says Russian Federation and China both informed the sanctions committee that they were supplying refined products to North Korea.
Haley credits these sanctions, cooperation with the worldwide community - which expelled diplomats - and thwarted clandestine communication with the North with the success of their mission.
These actions are all "generating significant revenues for the regime and they must be stopped", he said.
Trump also said US treatment of Russian Federation had been "foolish" before he came into office, and that held hold "both countries responsible" for declining relations.
"What do we need to see?" The sanctions committee has what it needs. Asked what North Korea needed to do, the secretary said that Kim Jong Un committed to denuclearize and that he understood what that meant. That contradicted the views of USA intelligence agencies so more clarifications had to follow.
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The other three quicks available for selection for the first Test were Ishant Sharma, Umesh Yadav and Shardul Thakur. Pant was originally not named in the India-A squad for the four-day matches, but was added earlier this month.