Mukwege was recognised for two decades of helping women recover from the violence and trauma of sexual abuse and rape in war-torn eastern Democratic Republic of Congo.
Another possible laureate is Nadia Murad, a 25-year-old Yazidi woman who was kidnapped by Islamic State militants in 2014 and endured three months as a sex slave before managing to escape.
She said the prize would make many Yazidis think about family members still unaccounted for as well as about 1,300 women and children who remain in captivity.
NELSON: Murad told a United Nations panel last November that testifying against ISIS militants in courts in Iraq and Europe and seeing them brought to justice has brought hope to victims like herself.
"Today we must also draw a red line against rape as a weapon of war". "I believe that #MeToo and war crimes aren't quite the same thing", she responded.
Murad says their engagement shows Yazidi survivors that "it's possible to live their lives again and to not believe the propaganda of ISIS - that they will not be accepted back into the community". Many younger women, however, were spared death for another terrible fate that saw Murad and an estimated 3,000 Yazidi women and underage girls kidnapped by the extremists and forced into sex slavery.
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"As a survivor, I am grateful for this opportunity to draw worldwide attention to the plight of the Yazidi people who have suffered unimaginable crimes since the genocide" by IS, she said.
Raped after being forced into sexual slavery by the Islamic State group, Iraqi Nadia Murad did not succumb to shame or despair - she spoke out. "I am incredibly honored and humbled by their support and I share this award with Yazidis, Iraqis, Kurds, other persecuted minorities and all of the countless victims of sexual violence around the world", part of her statement read. The militants killed those who refused to convert to Islam, including six of her brothers and her mother.
Modern human history has been ravaged by innumerable instances of sexual violence being wielded as a weapon of war and a deliberate military strategy. The Norwegian Nobel Institute doesn't disclose the names of nominees until 50 years have past.
Berit Reiss-Andersen, Chair of the Norwegian Nobel Committee paid tribute to both saying the pair "put their personal security at risk by courageously combating war crime and seeking justice for victims".
At just 25, is the second youngest Nobel peace prize victor.
The 2018 Nobel Peace Prize co-winner had been repeatedly nominated for his work with gang rape victims from the conflicts that have ravaged his homeland.