The effect of a changing climate can be seen through more extreme weather, rising sea levels and diminishing Arctic sea ice, he said.
In addition, Governor Brown has helped establish and expand coalitions of partners across the nation and globe committed to curbing carbon pollution, including the Under2 Coalition, an worldwide pact of 222 cities, states, regions and countries on 6 continents committed to limiting the increase in global average temperature to below 2 degrees Celsius. In 2015, when the nations of the world agreed to the historic Paris climate agreement, they set dual goals: 2 degrees C and a more demanding target of 1.5 degrees C from pre-industrial times.
Already, the global temperature - averaged between land and sea temperatures - has risen 1° Celsius, or 1.8° Fahrenheit, since 1880.
Although coal production in the U.S. increased slightly in 2017 after years of punishing loses, 2018 is shaping up to show more declines according to the Energy Department's most recent Quarterly Coal Report.
At the White House, Trump said he has not read it yet.
The dramatic report warned that the planet is now heading to warm by 3C - and to slash that to less than 1.5C as laid out in the Paris agreement will require "rapid, far-reaching and unprecedented changes in all aspects of society". In 2005, the state released a report on the potential impacts of climate change, examining effects on everything from tourism and forests to water and agriculture.
- There would be substantially fewer heat waves, downpours and droughts.
"If we don't quit coal, we are screwed", said Mr Bandt.
Crucial changes are needed - similar to the comprehensive economic reform that Vietnam started 40 years ago - to reduce GHG emissions and generate green jobs towards a resilient and sustainable society, she stated.
She is also the founder of the Mary Robinson Foundation - Climate Justice, which aims to secure justice for "people vulnerable to the impacts of climate change who are usually forgotten - the poor, the disempowered and the marginalised across the world." .
Following a United Nations report on Monday that concluded world leaders have only two decades to end emissions of greenhouse gases or suffer catastrophic climate change, the European Union took just 13 hours to announce plans to cut emissions from cars and trucks a further 35 percent by 2030.
However, the IPCC report's authors said the world would face severe consequences if the great bulk of fossil fuels including coal, oil and gas, weren't left in the ground.
China is the world's largest producer, consumer and importer of coal and any genuine attempt to remove coal from the world's energy mix by 2050 will require massive commitment from Beijing.
Allowing the global temperature to temporarily exceed or "overshoot" 1.5ºC would mean a greater reliance on techniques that remove Carbon dioxide from the air to return global temperatures to below 1.5°C by 2100.
Science has spoken in detail about climate change. In July 2014 and again in May 2016, she served as a special envoy on climate change for the United Nations and has called for the divestment of fossil fuels. In the USA, which has the world's largest economic coal resource, the Trump administration has had a hard time fighting to save coal. Australia's pledge is to cut 2005-level emissions 26-28 per cent by 2030, a target environmental groups such as the Climate Action Tracker describe as "insufficient".
Humans, environment matter more than growth: Economics Nobel winners work
Nordhaus, at the University of Yale in New Haven, Connecticut, is the founding father of the study of climate change economics. Romer and Yale University's William Nordhaus have been awarded the 2018 Nobel Prize for Economics on Monday, Oct. 8, 2018.