Attending in Trump's place were the White House chief of staff, retired Marine General John Kelly; the chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Marine General Joe Dunford; and several members of the White House staff. The decision drew sharp criticism from White House opponents and others.
The visit was planned for the Aisne-Marne American Cemetery in France - where USA war dead were being honored - because of rain.
Over 1,500 U.S. soldiers who fought in World War I are buried at the hillside cemetery in Suresnes.
Rain grounded the Marine One helicopter that was due to take him to the site, which honours Americans who gave their lives in the First World War.
Addressing one veteran, he joked: "You look so comfortable up there under shelter as we're getting drenched".
Mr Trump was in Paris for events to commemorate the 100th anniversary of the end of the First World War. "You're very smart people!"
US appeals court rules against Trump on 'Dreamers' immigration programme
Senate, Trump has made it a top priority to rapidly appoint judges in a bid to make the federal judiciary more conservative. A judge overseeing that lawsuit and four others ruled against the administration and reinstated the programme in January.
The motorcade briefly paused due to the breach of security before continuing towards the Arc de Triomphe where commemorations for the Armistice are being held with around 70 world leaders.
Mr Trump spent much of Saturday at the United States ambassador's residence, and visited another U.S. cemetery in a Paris suburb on Sunday.
'And what is essential- its moral values, ' he said in an English-language translation of the speech he delivered with Trump and Russian President Vladimir Putin sitting in the front row.
Stung by criticism for not attending an event honoring US military dead, the White House says President Donald Trump didn't want to disrupt Paris roadways for a last-minute motorcade to a cemetery... In another tweet, Canadian Prime Minister Justin Trudeau was seen, holding an umbrella in his hand, addressing the 2017 Remembrance Day ceremony in heavy rain. But Trump ditched his planned visit and stayed in his hotel room because of unspecified "scheduling and logistical difficulties caused by the weather, " according to a White House statement.