A USA -sponsored draft resolution that for the first time would have condemned the militant Islamic group Hamas, which controls Gaza, failed to win the required two-thirds majority in the U.N. General Assembly.
India was among the 32 countries that abstained from voting on the resolution which would have condemned Hamas for "repeatedly firing rockets into Israel and for inciting violence, thereby putting civilians at risk", and for its use of resources in Gaza to construct military infrastructure including tunnels to infiltrate Israel and equipment to launch rockets into civilian areas.
The General Assembly took a procedural vote before voting on the resolution, and decided that a two-thirds majority would be needed to pass it.
After the USA draft on Hamas failed to win adoption, the General Assembly overwhelmingly approved the Irish resolution by a vote of 156-6, with 12 abstentions.
The two-thirds majority that prevented passage of the resolution was advanced by Kuwait on behalf of the Palestinian Authority, and approved by a 75-72 vote with 26 abstentions.
The resolution failed to be adopted Thursday as it could not garner two-thirds support in the General Assembly.
The resolution said it would be supporting "just, lasting and comprehensive peace between Israelis and Palestinians", CBS News' Pamela Falk reports.
Mansour al-Otaibi, the permanent representative of Kuwait to the United Nations, said if the Israeli "occupation" of the Palestinians would end, this resolution would not be necessary.
"Israel is in contravention of all Security Council and General Assembly resolutions", its representative said.
Outgoing US Ambassador to the United Nations Nikki Haley had written to member states on Monday to urge them to vote for the US-drafted text, warning them: "The United States takes the outcome of this vote very seriously".
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Resolutions at the United Nations can carry political weight but are non-binding.
Furthermore, she noted, "before the General Assembly can credibly advocate compromise and reconciliation between the Palestinians and Israel, it must be on record, unambiguously and unconditionally, condemning Hamas terrorism".
The Trump administration has been a strong supporter of Israel, recognising Jerusalem as Israel's capital and this year moving the U.S. embassy there from Tel Aviv.
Israel says it has no choice but to enforce its blockade to defend itself against Hamas, which calls for Israel's destruction and has used Gaza as a base for missile attacks.
In a symbolic stride, the USA resolution did garner support by a majority of members, but failed because it required a supermajority.
By contrast, Israel's Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu praised the "large majority" - 87 countries - "that took a stance against Hamas" for the first time, calling it "an important achievement for the United States and Israel".
The United States put forward the resolution as it prepares to unveil new peace proposals that the Palestinians have already rejected. He said all resolutions put forth by the Palestinians seek balance, and he thanked countries that did not follow the United States call to condemn Hamas.
"Israel had a simple majority".