The mission, titled Chang'e 4, is meant to accomplish a range of tasks, including conducting the first lunar low-frequency radio astronomy experiment and exploring whether there is water at the moon's poles.
The seeds were rendered dormant using "biological technology" for the 20-day trip to the Moon.
The Chang'e-4 probe had achieved the expected landing precision.
Pictures released by the China National Space Administration released pictures showing a rocky surface with the jagged edge of craters in the background, posing a challenge for controllers in plotting the rover's travels, the official Xinhua News Agency said.
"This is limited in what it's doing, but also unique from analog experiments on the Earth", freelance journalist Andrew Jones, who covers China's space program told The Verge. It contains soil and cotton, rape, arabidopsis and potato seeds. That would help China "avoid some of the mistakes that were made with building the International Space Station", he said in the China Daily story.
There is still a long way to go before a sustainable habitat could be developed on the lunar surface, but the experiments could be fairly considered to have started that project.
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"It suggests that there might not be insurmountable problems for astronauts in future trying to grow their own crops on the moon in a controlled environment". The arabidosposis seeds contribute via its photosynthesis and could be a food source, but the plant is generally considered to be weed with a short growth cycle that could be useful for observation.
CNSA hopes that this experiment will be useful for exploring future long-term missions to space.
The CNSA declared they will return back to the moon this year with the Chang'e-5 mission, as well as launch three successive missions in the following years.
The probe took some cotton and potato seeds with it to see if scientists could get them to grow - and the China National Space Administration has now confirmed that the cotton seeds have indeed sprouted!
Wu also revealed that China will send a probe to Mars around 2020.
As the full moon crosses the night sky, the Earth's shadow will completely pass over it, lending the regularly pale moon a dark red hue.