Ireland: Measles outbreak declared in Donegal

The Vancouver Clinic in Vancouver Wash. to warn patients and visitors of a measles outbreak Jan. 30 2019

Gillian Flaccus AP FILE

According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Texas is one of a handful of states with confirmed cases of measles already reported in 2019.

In Harris County, two boys and a woman are being treated for measles.

The Oregon Health Authority said Wednesday that measles was confirmed in the three people Wednesday but that they pose no risk to the public. Three cases were reported in Harris County and one case was reported in Bell, Galveston and Montgomery counties. The mainstream of those infected are children, who have not been vaccinated against the disease, executives said.

The CDC states measles is a highly contagious virus that spreads through the air via coughing and sneezing, according to the release.

News stories have been tracking the recent measles outbreak in Washington state that now stands at 38 cases with two of those patients hospitalized.

Rubella, also known as German measles, can cause a mild rash on the face, swelling of glands behind the ears, and in some cases, swelling of the small joints and low-grade fever.

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Since measles is no longer endemic (constantly present) in the United States, how are these outbreaks occurring? People who have never received a measles vaccine are susceptible to the disease, which can be deadly.

Under the Expanded Program on Immunization (EPI) of the DOH, the first dose of the MMR vaccine is administered to children aged between 9 and 11 months old while the second dose is given at age 12-15 months old.

Symptoms include a high fever, coughing, runny nose and watery, red eyes between seven and 14 days after infection, the U.S. National Library of Medicine says.

The three individuals involved in the new cases were in close contact with the first Multnomah County resident who tested positive for measles January 25, according to the Oregon Health Authority. So far, there are 2 confirmed cases. Past year was the highest number of cases since 2014, which had ten reported cases.

Multnomah County officials have reported a steep uptick in vaccinations over this time past year.

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