Last year, Ethan asked for advice on how to get vaccinated on Reddit. "My parents think vaccines are some kind of government scheme", the teen wrote on Reddit when he first chose to reach out for guidance.
"I had grown up with my mom being very staunch and open about her position against vaccines", Lindenberger told CNN's John Berman on "Anderson Cooper Full Circle " on Monday night. "But, due to their beliefs I've never been vaccinated for anything, god knows how I'm still alive".
"I am writing because I am the 15-year-old son of an anti-vaccine parent", reads a plea posted on Reddit four months ago. About a month later, the post was updated to announce that he got his vaccines.
The teenager made a decision to get vaccinated on his own after turning 18 when he was unable to convince his parents that vaccinations do not cause autism.
Lindenberger said that his mother has tried to convince him to stop getting vaccines, but to no avail.
"Their choices don't only affect their child, their choices affect my child as well", Simpson said.
His journey to get vaccinated, however, stemmed from him wanting to protect others against diseases as much as himself.
"My parents are very happy that I'm continuing to express that the importance of vaccines is beyond just me and other people, and I'm glad to share that story", he said.
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Many cite the anti-vaxxing movement as the cause of recent infectious disease outbreaks across the country. "Continued evaluation of prevalence and reasons for nonvaccination is needed, as are improvements in access to and delivery of age-appropriate vaccinations to all children".
However there are no federal laws regulating the issue for minors who wish to get shots and it varies between different states. "Generally, a minor may not consent to immunizations unless they are considered a 'mature minor, ' that is, legally emancipated from their parents", Winnike wrote.
His mother has already indicated that she will not allow his 16-year old brother to be immunized, although he wants it, Lindenberger said.
"Vaccines, from a public health perspective, are safe, effective and they've been studied over and over again and have not shown any links to any adverse events".
At the same time, 2018 followed a year in which Europe achieved its highest-ever coverage for the second dose of measles vaccination at the national level, showing that gaps at subnational levels are to blame for the disease's resurfacing.
In the past week, New York City health officials confirmed two new measles cases in the Williamsburg neighborhood of Brooklyn, and one in the Borough Park area, also in Brooklyn, bringing the total number of members of the city's Orthodox Jewish community diagnosed with measles between October 2018 and February 6, 2019, to 67.
'But the diseases we developed vaccines for - like polio, which killed or crippled thousands of children - were selected precisely because they're so severe'.