Measles cases rose almost four-fold in first quarter 2019

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"Vaccine hesitancy means decline in vaccination rates, which could lead to more outbreaks of vaccine preventable diseases", Eve Dubé, a medical anthropologist and researcher at the Research Center of the CHU de Québec-Université Laval, told Salon by email last month.

In 2014, the United States reported a record 667 cases, including one large outbreak primarily among unvaccinated Amish communities in OH that accounted for more than half of the cases that year. "Many countries are in the midst of sizeable measles outbreaks, with all regions of the world experiencing sustained rises in cases", the WHO added.

If the outbreaks - which prompted the Big Apple to order mandatory vaccinations last week - aren't brought under control, health experts fear the number of cases in 2019 could set a 20-year record since measles were supposedly eliminated from the US. By the end of the year, the number of measles cases in the U.S. could come close to the tally reported 25 years ago in 1994: 963 cases. Most of the cases are children under 18 and have been reported from Williamsburg and Borough Park, Brooklyn.

So far this year, the USA has confirmed 555 measles cases, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention announced Monday. "Getting MMR vaccine is much safer than getting measles, mumps or rubella", the CDC said.

For the third week in a row, United States health officials have added dozens of new reports to the year's list of confirmed measles cases, bringing the total to 555 - already the highest number in the past five years.

In 2014, the United States reported a record 667 cases, including one large outbreak primarily among unvaccinated Amish communities in OH that accounted for more than half of the cases.

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On Monday, the World Health Organization (WHO) also released a report stating that the number of reported global cases of measles has increased by 300 percent in the first few months of 2019, in comparison to the same period of time past year.

Infections have also increased in wealthy countries with high overall immunisation rates, such as the United States and Israel. But when an global traveler exposed to measles overseas brings the disease into the country, pockets of unvaccinated communities within the USA enable the disease to spread.

Before the first measles vaccine became available in 1963, the disease killed hundreds of people and hospitalized 48,000 each year, according to the CDC.

Measles can cause serious long-term harm, to individuals and to the economy. "That's been proven. There is no association whatsoever between the measles vaccine and autism". For every 1,000 children who get the disease, the CDC estimated one or two will die from it.

It's the first closure since health officials ordered residents of one Brooklyn neighborhood to be vaccinated for measles.

Measles can also cause pregnant women to give birth prematurely or have a low-birth-weight baby. The Ukraine has recorded about 37,000 cases this year.

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