Dementia is a persistent impairment of mental process marked by memory disorder, personality changes, and impaired reasoning.
It said that dementia resulted from a variety of diseases and injuries that affected the brain such as Alzheimer disease or stroke. According to the United Nations health agency, having a healthy diet, especially a Mediterranean one, maintaining healthy blood pressure, consuming less amount of alcohol, and exercising regularly could help in reducing the risk of the brain condition.
People can reduce the risk of dementia by adhering to a healthy lifestyle.
Key lifestyle choices such as getting regular exercise, not smoking or drinking too much, can reduce the risk of dementia and cognitive decline, the United Nations health agency said on Tuesday.
In Britain more than 800,000 people have dementia and the figure is rising across the world as the population ages, with 152 million people expected to...
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"There are almost 10 million new cases every year, inflicting a heavy economic burden on societies as a whole". This is the first time the organization made an official recommendation on the condition, which affects 50 million people globally. The condition is a leading cause of disability and dependency among older individuals and no curative treatment has yet been developed.
It urged healthcare providers to use the guidelines provided by the organisation in advising patients on what they can do to prevent cognitive decline and dementia.
The WHO says that, although there is not a strong evidence base to suggest that such interventions will preserve cognition, they do encourage a lifestyle that is known to be good for overall health. Carrillo agrees that people should be looking to obtain nutrients through eating whole foods rather than using supplements.
"Dementia carers are very often family members who need to make considerable adjustments to their family and professional lives to care for their loved ones", said Dr Dévora Kestel, Director of the Department of Mental Health and Substance Abuse at WHO.
The largest increase in cases over the next three decades will be seen in low- and middle-income countries where overall population growth is the highest, World Health Organization said, warning that many healthcare systems will face significant challenges. In its 78-page report, it has advised people to properly manage their dyslipidemia, diabetes, hypertension, and weight to potentially decrease the risk of cognitive decline and dementia.